Federal Skilled Workers (FSW)

Express entry is a permanent visa that allows people to come to Canada to work and reside. Visa applicants must meet certain requirements in order to be considered, and their scores are then determined using the Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS).

Educational Requirement

In order for candidates with foreign educational credentials to have their qualifications evaluated and compared to Canadian standards, they must get an Educational Credential Assessment (ECA). The results of this evaluation are used to determine whether their education meets Canadian requirements.

  • Master degree / PhD + 17 full years study
  • 2 or more bachelor degrees + 15 full years study
  • 3 year diploma, apprenticeship/trade certificate + 15 full years study
  • Bachelor Degree + 14 full years study
  • 1 year diploma, apprenticeship/trade certificate + 14 full years study
  • 1 year bachelor degree + 13 full years study
  • 1 year diploma, apprenticeship/trade certificate + 13 full years study
  • 1 year diploma, apprenticeship/trade certificate + 12 full years study
  • High school certificate

The field of study can indirectly impact a candidate's eligibility for some immigration programs or may be viewed positively by employers in Canada, even though it does not directly affect CRS points.

Language ability is another crucial component of the CRS, especially in French and English. Candidates' proficiency in speaking, writing, listening, and reading is evaluated. In certain cases, lower educational attainment can be somewhat offset by higher language proficiency scores.

Candidates may receive extra points in addition to the standard points given for education level if they have finished particular educational levels or earned a post-secondary degree from a Canadian university.

Language Requirement For (CRS)

To prove language proficiency, candidates are typically required to take an approved language test. The two most commonly accepted language tests are:

  • IELTS (International English Language Testing System): This test measures proficiency in English.
  • CELPIP (Canadian English Language Proficiency Index Program): Another English language test accepted by IRCC.
  • TEF (Test d'évaluation de français): This test measures proficiency in French.

There are minimum language requirements for each language skill (reading, writing, speaking, and listening). Candidates must meet or exceed these requirements to be eligible for Express Entry. The specific minimum scores may vary depending on the immigration program and category.

Work Experience

Applicants must have minimum 1 full year of continuous work time (or equal amount in part time) within the last 10 years that meet following level of the Canadian National Occupational Classification (NOC).

  • O (managerial occupations)
  • A (professional occupations)
  • B (technical occupations and skilled trades)

The more work experience, essential occupational duties / description applicants are able to list in their application, higher the points will be awarded to have a good outcome.

Age Requirement

Applicants aged between 17-49 years are considered fit in this segment.

  1. Job Offer Requirement: Candidates must have a legitimate job offer from a Canadian business in order to accrue CRS points for prearranged employment. For the employment offer to be deemed legitimate, it must be for a full-time, permanent position and fulfill specific requirements.

  2. Labor Market Impact Assessment (LMIA): Employment and Social Development Canada's (ESDC) favorable Labour Market Impact Assessment (LMIA) is typically required to support a job offer. An LMIA confirms that no Canadian citizens or permanent residents are available for the job and that there is a legitimate need for the foreign worker to fill it.

  3. LMIA-Exempt Job Offers: In some cases, job offers may be exempt from the LMIA requirement. This includes certain types of jobs under international trade agreements (such as NAFTA), intra-company transfers, and jobs in specific occupations or sectors designated as LMIA-exempt.

Adaptability variables: A candidate's potential for successful settlement in Canada is indicated by a number of variables that determine how many adaptability points they will receive. Among these are:

  • Prior Work Experience or Education in Canada: Applicants may be awarded adaptability points if they have finished their education or work experience in Canada.

    Work Offer in Canada: Obtaining a legitimate employment offer from a Canadian firm is another way to get points for flexibility.

    family in Canada: Adaptability points may be awarded to candidates who have close family, such as a spouse or common-law partner, residing in Canada.

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  1. Accompanying Dependents: Candidates may also receive extra CRS points if they have dependent children as well as a spouse or common-law partner traveling with them. The accompanying spouse or partner's educational background and linguistic skills are taken into consideration when determining these points.

    • Spouse or In-Law Partner's Education: The principal applicant may obtain extra CRS points if the accompanying spouse or partner has finished their post-secondary education.

      Spouse or In-Law Partner's Language competency: In a similar vein, the principal candidate may gain extra CRS points if the accompanying spouse or partner passes a language test and shows competency in either English or French.

  2. Dependent Children: If the primary applicant is travelling to Canada with dependent children, they may receive extra points. 
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      • Age of Dependent Children: Depending on the dependent children's ages, points may change. For example, older kids might contribute more points than younger kids.
Number of members Funds in Canadian Dollars
1 $ 12,669
2 $15,772
3 $19,390
4 $23,542
5 $26,701
6 $30,114
7 or more $33,528
For each additional family member $3,414
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